Minimization of energy consumption within a container terminal


Container terminals require large amounts of energy due to the intensity of their operations. The limited area available for storing containers as well as the ever-increasing need for time efficiency has interesting implications in the energy demands of the port as a system. This work examines the energy demands of in-port container movements for several common terminal layouts and equipment types with a particular focus on minimising energy requirements for horizontal transportation of containers in the yard subject to meeting volume handling requirements.